There are two chief political parties in India: The Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 by occultist movement members. Having in excess of 15 million members and 70 million participants who struggled against British rule in India, it lead of the Indian Independence Movement.
After its 1947 independence, it became the nation’s main political party and was led by the Nehru-Gandhi family. The Indian National Congress’s history has two specific eras: The pre-independence era and The post-independence era. During the former era, the party was a key player in the struggle for Indian independence. The later era was a time when the party enjoyed a salient place in Indian politics; it ruled the country for 48 of the 60 years, starting with its independence in 1947.
In March 1885, the first notice was issued assembling the first Indian National Union to meet at Poona the next December. Established in 1885 to obtain more influence in government for educated Indians, the Indian National Congress was at first not against British rule. The Indian National Congress was the only political party that provided harmony to all the various sects of Indian society. Its freedom struggle produced the nation’s greatest leaders.
Leaders like Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Gopal Krishna Gokhale, all began with the first historic icons of Indians: Dadabhai Naoroji, the president of the affiliated Indian National Association and then the first Indian Member of Parliament in the British House of Commons. Subhas Chandra Bose was the elected president in 1938 and 1939, but was expelled from the Congress for his socialist ideologies. The Congress was diminished to a pro-Business group, monotized by the business houses of Bajaj and Birla. Then, the Congress was easily the strongest political and revolutionary organization in India, but it separated itself from the Quit India movement days later.
After WWI, the party associated itself with Mahatma Gandhi, who was its unofficial, spiritual leader and icon, not wavering even as new men and women became president. The party was an umbrella organization, sheltering radical socialists, traditionalists and Hindu and Muslim conservatives. Nevertheless, all the socialists were expelled. Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel held the belief that the INC was formed only to achieve independence. As such, it should have been disbanded in 1947. Nevertheless, during independence, the INC and its leader, Jawaharlal Nehru, was the country’s main political organization. It was created as the major political party. The official party became known as Indian National Congress, which was led by Kamaraj.
Allegations of Religious Bias
The opposition Bharatiya Janata Party along with several right-wing Hindus have made accusations that the Congress Party and its allies are pro-Muslim and pro-Islam and support Sharia Laws, favoring the Indian Muslim community. Furthermore, there were allegations that it promoted Islamic conservatism and Obscurantism. Congress has been accused of intentionally fragmenting Hindus and consolidating conservative Muslim votes. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and former Congress-led governments have been suspected of editing history textbooks to show a Marxist bias. Some claim they whitewashed the historic record of Barbarousness caused by Muslim Emperors and Kings on Hindus during 600 years of Islamic Rule over India.
On the other hand, the Government of India had them to fly through government airlines and supplies subsidies from Saudi Arabia for services that provide to Indian Muslims. In contrast, Hindus claim they have no similar privilege for their religious schools or pilgrimages. The Congress-led UPA government has also been accused by Hindu and Christian organizations for ignoring the Love Jihad activity, committed by and Islamic party and its umbrella organizations. Young Muslim boys allegedly tried to convert college girls from Hindu and Christian communities by pretending to be in love. The party denies such charges.
In every Indian state and union territory, there exists a Pradesh Congress Committee, which is the party’s provincial unit, responsible for directing local and state level political campaigns as well as assisting the campaigns for Parliamentary constituencies. The delegates elect several Congress committees such as the Congress Working Committee. The Congress Working Committee Committee is comprised of senior party leaders and office bearers. It makes all important executive and political decisions. The President of the Indian National Congress is essentially the party’s national leader. The president is the head of the organization and the head of the Working Committee and chief Congress committees. The President is also the main spokesperson and the Congress’s choice to be India’s Prime Minister.